Ohio 513-333-EYES (3937)

Kentucky 513-333-EYES (3937)

LASIK 513-333-EYES (3937)

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes Mellitus occurs when your blood sugar levels are too high. This can cause damage to blood vessels throughout your body. Many diabetics develop problems with their feet, kidneys, and heart due to poor blood flow.

Diabetes also affects the blood vessels in the eye, known as diabetic retinopathy. Even if you aren’t having any trouble with your vision; an ophthalmologist might notice diabetic changes in your eye when having a dilated eye exam. It is important to have yearly exams even if you don’t have any diabetic retinopathy because early detection and treatment can prevent future vision loss.

There are two types of diabetic retinopathy:

Nonproliferative

  • High blood sugar affects the lining of your eye’s blood vessels causing fluid to leak out and damaging the retina
  • Unhealthy blood vessels become smaller and don’t supply the retina with enough oxygen leading to ischemia which can also damage the retina.

Proliferative

  • The lack of blood flow and oxygen causes your eye to form new blood vessels (neurovascularization) to compensate for this lack
  • These blood vessels are fragile and may bleed. Blood inside the eye may look like floaters or potentially block all the vision in that eye
  • The new blood vessels may scar causing a tractional retinal detachment
  • If neurovacularization forms on the iris (colored part of the eye), glaucoma may result

Treatment of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy is only needed if it affects the macula. The macula is the part of retina responsible for your central vision. Treatment involves laser surgery, which is done in the office, to the leaky blood vessels to lower the risk of further damage. Depending on the severity, injections of medicine into the eye may be used as well.

Treatment of proliferative retinopathy also involves laser surgery, which is more extensive than we use to treat nonproliferative retinopathy. Laser treatment does not get rid of the blood. Over time, your eye usually absorbs the blood and your vision improves. If bleeding persists despite laser treatment, surgery may be needed in the operating room.

Undergoing laser treatment, injections, or ocular surgery does not cure diabetic retinopathy. You may need multiple treatments over time. It is important to have and maintain control of your blood sugar and blood pressure.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends Type 1 Diabetics to have an eye exam within 5 years of diagnosis and then yearly. Type 2 Diabetics should have an eye exam as soon as they are diagnosed and then yearly. Pregnant women who are diabetic should have an eye exam in the first trimester because diabetic retinopathy may worsen during pregnancy.

Office Locations Serving Greater Cincinnati

Ohio

Anderson

1060 Nimitzview Dr., Suite 105
Cincinnati, OH 45230

Phone: (513) 232-2500 Fax: (513) 232-2777

Clifton - Reading Rd

2055 Reading Rd.,  Suite 330
Cincinnati, OH 45202

Phone: (513) 381-1900 Fax: (513) 287-6403

Colerain- Midwest Eye Center

6779 Colerain Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45239

Phone: (513) 741-1313 Fax: (513) 385-3995

Eastgate- Midwest Eye Center

4452 Eastgate Blvd, Suite 305
Cincinnati, OH 45245

Phone: (513) 752-5700 Fax: (513) 752-5716

Hamilton

1017 Main St.
Hamilton, OH 45013

Phone: (513) 868-2181 Fax: (513) 868-2893 Optical Shop: (513) 868-2885

Hillsboro

1275 North High St.
Hillsboro, OH 45133

Phone: (513) 232-2500 Fax: (513) 232-2777

Hyde Park

2135 Dana Ave., Suite 310
Cincinnati, OH 45207

Phone: (513) 221-7788 Phone: (513) 487-5223 Optical Shop: (513) 487-5224

Kenwood - Montgomery Rd.

7730 Montgomery Rd. Suite 120
Cincinnati, OH 45236

Phone: (513) 791-5999 Fax: (513) 791-4567 Optical Shop: (513) 936-5044

Kenwood Surgery Center

8044 Montgomery Rd., Suite 155
Cincinnati, OH 45236

Phone: (513) 791-7967 Fax: (513) 791-1473

North College Hill

1577B Goodman Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45224

Phone: (513) 729-1321 Fax: (513) 729-2873 Optical Shop: (513) 729-1756

Oxford

5141 Morning Sun Rd.
Oxford, OH 45056

Phone: (513) 523-2123 Fax: (513) 523-2125

Springdale

12124 Sheraton Ln.
Springdale, OH 45246

Phone: (513) 671-5500 Fax: (513) 671-7854

West Chester- Midwest Eye Center

8760 Union Centre Blvd.
West Chester, OH 45069

Phone: (513) 454-0544 Fax: (513) 454-0551

Western Hills

6909 Good Samaritan Dr., Suite B
Cincinnati, OH 45247

Phone: (513) 389-9911 Fax: (513) 389-7854

Kentucky

Crestview Hills- Chancellor Dr. #1

2865 Chancellor Dr., Suite 210
Crestview Hills, KY 41017

Phone: (859) 331-6616 Fax: (859) 331-5760

Crestview Hills- Chancellor Dr. #2

2865 Chancellor Dr., Suite 215
Crestview Hills, KY 41017

Phone: (859) 331-5600 Drs. Daun, Devine, Khaja, Dykuizen Phone: (859) 331-0058 Dr. Sanitato Phone: (513) 232-2500 Dr. Schott Fax: (513) 791-4567

Crestview Hills - Thomas More

500 Thomas More Parkway
Crestview Hills, KY 41017

Phone: (859) 341-4525 Fax: (859) 341-4993